Property Management in Islam: The Gift (Hibah) Perspective in Al-Umm Written By Imam Al-Syafi’i

Pengurusan Harta dalam Islam: Perspektif Hadiah (Hibah) di dalam Al-Umm Karya Imam Al-Syafi'i

Authors

  • Noor Syahida Abdul Rahman KUIS
  • Hasliza Talib KUIS
  • Nur Zulfah Md Abdul Salam KUIS
  • Nurhayati Abd Ghani KUIS
  • Nurul Syafini Abd Rahman KUIS
  • Mohd Musa Sarip KUIS

Keywords:

Imam al-Syafi’i, al-Umm, Gift, Islamic Inheritance

Abstract

The guarantee of success (al-falah) in life in the world and the hereafter will be attained if each human being manage and arrange his or her life based on the rulings and regulations of Islam. Property and power are the trusts from Allah SWT that must be wisely managed according to His ways and regulations. Islamic property management aims towards obtaining wellbeing in the world and the hereafter. The holistic Islamic rulings have outlined a complete guidance relating to property management after demise through the complete and systematic Islamic Inheritance Law in the distribution of property through instruments such as will (wasiat), gift (hibah) and waqf. Thus, this article shall be focusing on the gift instrument in al-Umm, a masterpiece written by Imam al-Syafi’i. Imam al-Syafi’i was a prominent fiqh scholar who is well known in the Islamic history. He founded the Syafi’i sect, which is one of the sects in Islam that is followed by many Muslims. His fiqh views have become the main reference among majority of Muslims. His writings regarding fiqh and others, such as al-Umm is enough to place him amongst the renowned fiqh scholars until today. Al-Umm demonstrates the strength of Iman al-Syafi’i’s view in terms of the discussions on gift that were centred on hadiths that serve as the main source of reference in his istinbat practice in issuing a ruling (hukm). The methodology used in this study is library research and content analysis. Gift is one of the instruments in the property distribution that is within the concept of Islamic property management. The concept and application of gift must be deeply understood from the perspective of its rulings and implementation method. After a person’s demise, his or her property that was given through gift often raises a dispute among those involved to the extent it complicates the settlement of inheritance distribution. Therefore, if the gift instrument is systematically managed and in accordance with the Islamic rulings, the fate of those who are entitled to the right shall be preserved.

Jaminan al-falah (kejayaan) hidup di dunia dan akhirat akan tercapai sekiranya setiap manusia mengurus dan mengatur kehidupannya berteraskan hukum dan syariat Islam. Harta dan kuasa merupakan amanah Allah SWT yang perlu diuruskan dengan bijak dan berlandaskan syariatnya. Pengurusan harta secara Islam bermatlamat memperolehi kebaikan di dunia dan akhirat. Syariat Islam yang syumul turut menggariskan panduan lengkap berkaitan pengurusan harta selepas kematian melalui undang-undang Pusaka Islam yang lengkap dan sistematik terhadap pengagihan harta melalui instrumen wasiat, hibah dan wakaf. Sehubungan dengan itu, artikel ini akan memfokuskan kepada instrumen hibah dalam al-Umm karya Imam al-Syafi’i. Imam al-Syafi’i adalah seorang tokoh fiqh yang terkemuka dalam sejarah Islam. Beliau merupakan pengasas kepada mazhab Syafi’i, yang mana ianya adalah salah satu daripada mazhab Islam yang banyak diikuti oleh penganut agama Islam. Pandangan fiqhnya menjadi rujukan utama majoriti umat Islam. Karya-karya penulisannya berkaitan fiqh dan selainnya cukup untuk menempatkannya di barisan ulama fiqh yang terbilang hingga kini. Di dalam karyanya al-Ummkekuatan yang ada pada pandangan Imam al-Syafi’i menerusi perbincangan tajuk hibah adalah berpaksikan kepada hadis yang menjadirujukan utama istinbatnya dalam pengambilan hukum. Metodologi yang digunakan ialah kajian perpustakaan (library research) dan analisis kandungan (content analysis). Hibah merupakan salah satu elemen pengagihan harta yang terkandung dalam konsep pengurusan harta secara Islam. Hakikatnya hibah perlu difahami secara mendalam aspek konsep dan aplikasinya dari segi hukum dan cara pelaksanaan. Selepas kematian pihak yang menghibahkan harta mereka, sering timbul pertikaian dalam kalangan pihak-pihak terbabit sehingga menyukarkan penyelesaian harta pusaka. Oleh itu, sekiranya instrumen hibah ini diuruskan dengan teratur dan menepati kehendak syarak, maka nasib golongan yang ada hak dan berhak pasti terbela.

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Published

2017-06-12

How to Cite

Abdul Rahman, N. S. ., Talib, H., Md Abdul Salam, N. Z., Abd Ghani, N. ., Abd Rahman, N. S. ., & Sarip, M. M. . (2017). Property Management in Islam: The Gift (Hibah) Perspective in Al-Umm Written By Imam Al-Syafi’i: Pengurusan Harta dalam Islam: Perspektif Hadiah (Hibah) di dalam Al-Umm Karya Imam Al-Syafi’i. Journal of Management and Muamalah , 7(1), 27 - 41. Retrieved from https://jmm.kuis.edu.my/index.php/jurnal/article/view/64